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 Bourbon Restoration

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taixyz1992
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PostSubject: Bourbon Restoration   Sun Dec 05, 2010 9:30 pm



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Royaume de France
Kingdom of France

1814–1815
1815–1830 →

Flag Royal Coat of arms
Anthem
Le Retour des Princes Français à Paris
"The return of the French Princes in Paris"
The Kingdom of France in 1815.
Capital Paris
Language(s) French
Religion Roman Catholicism[1]
Government Constitutional Monarchy
King
- 1814–1824 Louis XVIII
- 1824–1830 Charles X
President of the Council
- 1815 Charles de Talleyrand-Périgord (first)
- 1829–1830 Jules de Polignac (last)
Legislature Parliament
- Upper house Chamber of Peers
- Lower house Chamber of Deputies
History
- Louis XVIII restored 6 April 1814
- Hundred Days 1815
- Second Restoration 1815
- France invades Spain 1823
- July Revolution July 1830
- Louis-Philippe I declared the King of the French 9 August 1830
Currency French Franc

The Bourbon Restoration is the name given to the restored Bourbon Kingdom of France which existed from 1814 until the July Revolution of 1830, with the interval of the "Hundred Days" from Napoleon I's return from Elba to the Battle of Waterloo in 1814–15. The regime was a constitutional monarchy, unlike the ancien régime, which was absolute. The period was characterized by a sharp conservative reaction and the re-establishment of the Roman Catholic Church as a power in French politics.[2][3]

The Armies of the Sixth Coalition restored the Bourbon pretender, Louis XVIII, to the throne of France in April 1814. A constitution, the Charter of 1814, was drafted, presenting all Frenchmen equal before the law,[4] but retaining substantial prerogative for the king. He was the supreme head of the state, commanded the land and sea forces, declared war, made treaties of peace, alliance and commerce, appointed to all places of public administration, and made the necessary regulations and ordinances for the execution of the laws and the security of the state.[5] King Louis was more liberal than his successor Charles X, choosing many centrist cabinets

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